What is a sinus lift for dental implant
While most people are familiar with cavities, braces and root canals, there are many other different types of dental and oral maxillofacial procedures that people could benefit from. It is important to understand what these options are so that people can make educated decisions. One example of a commonly overlooked procedure is called a sinus lift.
Over the last 15 years, more people are getting dental implants, making sinus lifts more common. Do you need sinus lift surgery and have some unanswered questions? Well, we've got you covered with the answers to some of the most common questions about sinus lift surgery.
What is a Sinus Lift Surgery?
A sinus lift, aka sinus augmentation, is a surgery that makes it easier to place dental implants. Some people need dental implants but don't have enough bone support necessary for implants because of bone loss. A sinus lift can help as it increases the amount of bone in the upper jaw by adding bone to the space between your molars and premolars. To make room for the bone, the sinus membrane has to be moved upward or "lifted," which gives the surgery its name. A dental specialist like an oral maxillofacial surgeon or a periodontist usually handle sinus lifts。
Why Would I Need a Sinus Lift?
There are a few specific reasons why someone might need a dental sinus lift procedure. Examples include:
Not enough room to place an implant due to small jaw size
Large sinus, resulting in little room for dental implant
Bone loss, commonly occurring in regions where teeth have been extracted, which require build-up of bone to stabilize implant
Bone damage or pathology, such as tumors or cysts
Anatomical considerations, such as location of sinuses, nerves, blood vessels and roots of adjacent teeth.
How is a Sinus Lift Performed?
On the day of the procedure, the surgeon will make an incision along the gum line in the area where the rear teeth used to live. Once the incision is made, the tissue is lifted from the surface. This will expose the surface of the bone.
After this, the surgeon will use a special tool to make a small, round window in the bone itself. This window will give the surgeon a clear view of the sinus, which leaves on the other side of the jaw. After this, the membrane of the jaw is gently moved up and out of the way of the jaw bone itself.
Once the sinus has been lifted, a few granules of graft material are placed into the space where the sinus used to be. While the amount of graft varies, it is important because it promotes the growth of bone that will take the place of the sinus. This is where the “augmentation” part of the procedure comes in.
After the graft material has been placed, the tissue itself will be closed with a few stitches. Then, the bone is given time to heal. A few months later, the implants are placed. Follow-up appointments with the surgeon are necessary to make sure that the growth and healing process are going according to plan.
What Should I Expect After a Sinus Lift?
You may have some minor swelling of the area after the procedure. We recommend refraining from blowing your nose and to attempt to sneeze with your mouth open, to prevent the bone-graft material from shifting or causing a communication between your sinus and mouth.
Your dentist may give you saline sprays to moisten the inside lining of your nose, and prescribe drugs to prevent congestion and inflammation. You will also receive pain medicine, an antibiotic and an antimicrobial mouth rinse to stave off infection. The majority of patients experience only slight discomfort after a sinus augmentation.
Following a sinus lift, you will need to wait 6 months for the bony material to harden and merge properly with your jaw. Depending on the grafting substance used, implants may be placed in six months.